JP Morgan and GIIN global survey on impact investing (2015): Eyes on the Horizon.
Open Capital and the GIIN landscape review of East Africa (2015): Landscape for Impact Investing in East Africa.
The UNDP 2014 report: Impact Investment in Africa: Trends, Constraints, Opportunities
Economic Commission for Africa (2015): Innovative Financing for the Economic Transformation of Africa
Brookings Institution (2015): Financing African Infrastructure
African Venture Capital
The role and scale of African venture capital is growing across the continent. The key organizational “window” into this sector is the Africa Private Equity and Venture Capital Association, or AVCA. Working with Bridges Ventures, AVCA has produced an excellent Investing for Impact: A Strategy of Choice for African Policymakers on what African policymakers can do to promote impact investing. Another organization, vc4africa, has carried out research on patterns of investment in African start-ups across countries.